Examining the contexts, practices and costs of Early Childhood Care and Education in India: Responsive models for child development Completed

Area(s) of work: Education

Duration: September 2017 – September 2019

Status: Completed

Funder/ Partner: British Academy

CBPS is undertaking a study in collaboration with the University of Cambridge on developing responsive models for Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in India. The project aims at analysing contexts, practices and costs of ECCE, with a particular focus on disadvantaged families/communities in India. A comparative study of ECCE programmes and practices in two states – Tamil Nadu and Bihar will be undertaken, examining histories and practices of early childhood care within families as well as within existing ECCE institutions. The project will use an ethnographic approach, and combine this with a financial and cost analysis of ECCE programmes and practices to generate insights on responsive and scalable models for ECCE. The project is funded by the British Academy.

For more project details please visit The British Academy website.


A paper written by Dr. Jyotsna Jha, Dr. Archana Purohit and Mr. Sharad Pandey titled, ‘Costs, costing principles and institutional framework for responsive early childhood care and education models in India: a proposition’ has been published in the special edition of the British Academy Journal on 25 March 2020. It can be viewed here.

This article was posted to Journal of the British Academy, volume 8, supplementary issue 2 (Early Childhood Development in the Global South).

Policy Briefs:

  1. Marketization of ECCE and the Reproduction of Caste-based Inequities in India: evidence and policy implications
  2. Developing ‘responsive’ ECCE models in India
  3. Costing Framework and Principles for Responsive ECCE Models


  1. Towards responsive models of early childhood care and education in India
  2. Why do contexts matter for early childhood care and education?
  3. Locating key debates in Early Childhood Care and Education: insights from Indian scholarship